Southend Invaded - by the Royal Marines as part of a major naval exercise. This mock invasion entertained locals and holidaymakers alike. The town was defended by infantry, artillery and engineers; and was attacked by 1,000 Marines and naval ratings under Admiral F W Hope Johnstone, C-in-C of the Nore. The attackers effected a landing and penetrated into Cliff Town, but later retired to their boats.
Dale Knapping - The Knapping family formerly lords of Shoebury manor developed the Knapping Estate, a stretch of foreshore near Rampart Terrace. Dale Knapping JP erected the National School in 1863 on the site of St Peter's church.