Southend Timeline

Bringing Your Memories Back to Life

                                                 Air Raid Precautions

ARP Publications

 As was vividly remembered from the First World War and the terror seen during the Blitzkrieg (air and land attack) the speed it swept across mainland Europe the use of aerial bombing was a major step forward in warfare, it meant the targeting of both military and civilian targets from the air was more than possible to win a war.

Bombing of airfields and military targets were to disrupt the enemy’s ability to mount a defense or go on the attack, whilst the targeting of the civilian population was developed to demoralize the population.

The early air raids would see lone aircraft flying over a target area dropping a few small bombs by hand.

With the evidence that such targeting proved a way to both bring difficulties to the military to operate and cause panic amount the civilian populations the development of more accurate bombsites and dedicated bombers carrying ever bigger heavier loads was rapidly progressed.

To counter the threat of the bombers anti-aircraft guns, search lights and night fighters were developed.

In 1924 the United Kingdom Government set up the Air Raid Precautions (ARP) to advise people on what to do and how to best prepare before any air raids.

A quantity of ARP information booklets and leaflets were printed this included  information on the building of Anderson shelters in gardens, the public shelters and what you should take into the shelter with you.

People were also asked to volunteer as Air Raid Wardens, who would patrol the streets during blackouts making sure no visible light could be seen, they would order "Put that light out!" or "Cover that window!".  They would also go out during air raids looking for any incendiary bombs and douse them with sand wherever possible.

 

They would also help the Police in areas that had suffered bomb damage as well as basic firefighting and First Aid.

 

By the end of the war 1.4million people had offered their services

 

The Southend Timeline Collection.

The Southend Timeline currently holds a collection of 111 different publications issued during the Second World War, these consist of publications from one single side on one single page up to six pages printed on both sides!

The collection held by the Southend Timeline were all issued by the Southend ARP, each had it's own circulation number, sadly number 1 is not in the collection, there were over 700 issued in Southend over the time of the Second Word War.

Whilst I would love to include the whole collection in this article the sheer amount of work to undertake such a task would take a lot of time, there is also the problem of storage space on the server.

A spreadsheet listing the entire collection held by the Southend Timeline is reproduced below, a selection of these is presented, along with advisory leaflets also held.

I will always be looking out for any that could fill the gaps!

ARP Documents:

 

Undated: General Information.

 

 

27th November 1942: Air Raid Precautions certificate

 

ARP Publications held by the Southend Timeline .

The list below is all the Air Raid Precautions Publications (ARPP) currently in the Southend Timeline Collection, the database is set out as:

STARPNO: The cataloguing number for the Southend Timeline Collection (Southend Timeline Air Raid Precautions Number)

Date: The date of the ARPP.

Circ No: The Circulation Number issued at the time.

Subject: The main information on the ARPP.

Pages: The number of pages the ARPP has.

Sides: How many sides of paper used.

 PLEASE NOTE: That some of the publications are not dated whilst others do not have a circulation number.

 STARPNo: Date: Circ No: Subject: Pages Sides
 1 19th August 1940 335 Part Time Volunteers 2 3
 2 24th August 1940 358 Alterations 2 3
 3 29th August 1940 360 Cloud Gas Attack From The Sea 1 1
 4  362 General Notices 1 1
 5 12th September 1940 367 War Damage to Property 1 1
 6 20th September 1940 368 Heating Posts & Air Raids 1 1
 7 25th September 1940 372 Unexploded Parachute Mines 1 1
 8 1st October 1940  Anderson Shelters 1 1
 9 2nd October 1940 Memo 25 Summary 14th - 26th September 1940 6 12
 10 3rd October 1940 376 Precautions Against Electric Shock  1 1
 11 11th October 1940 379 Parachute Mines 1 1
 12 17th October 1940 382 General Notices 1 2
 13 23rd October 1940 385 Confidential Notices 1 1
 14 28th October 1940 387 Unexploded Bombs 1 1
 15 29th October 1940 390 New Type of Small H.E. Bomb 1 1
 16 29th October 1940 392 New Type of Miniature H.E. Bomb 1 2
 17 6th November 1940 396 Medical Treatment for Civil Defence Volunteers 1 1
 18 6th November 1940 397 Sounding of Handbells 1 1
 19   Treatment of Persons Contaminated with Blister Gas 1 1
 20 10th November 1940   Notice "Thorpe Ward" 1 1 
 21 18th November 1940 408 Tailcaps on Parachute Mines 1 1
 22 19th November 1940 409 Part Time Volunteer Wardens 1 1
 23 21st November 1940 413 Inflammable Spirit on Highesy 1 1
 24 22nd November 1940  A.R.P. Casualty Services 1 1
 25 10th December 1940 416 Air raid Wardens Service 1 2
 26 24th December 1940 420 Objects Dropped from Enemy Aircraft 1 1
 27 26th December 1940 421 Funeral Grants 1 1 
 28 3rd January 1941 423 The Fire Bomb Menace 1 2 
 29 20th January 1941 428 Blowing of Wardens Whistles  2 3
 30 19th February 1941 437 Incendiary Bomb Control - Arsenical Smokes 1 1
 31 25th February 1941 438 Notice 1 1
 32 18th March 1941 444 Air raid Incidents  1 1
 33 3rd April 1941 451 Fallen Cables 1 1
 34 30th April 1941 455 Regulation 298 1 1
 35 2nd May 1941 456 Unexploded Parachute Mines 1 1
 36 31st July 1941 479 Objects Dropped from the Air 1 1
 37 8th August 1941 482 Incendiary "Leaves"  1 1 
 38 18th August 1941 479 Anti Gas Precautions 3 5
 39 11th September 1941 491 Nomenclature of Services 1 2 
 40 11th September 1941 493 Reporting of Air Raid Damage 1 2
 41 28th October 1941  Respirator Drill 1 2
 42 17th December 1941 518 Camouflets 1 2
 43 10th January 1942 525 Post Manning Rotas 1 2
 44 16th January 1942 529 Sales of Wardens Posts 1 1
 45 26th January 1942 531 Confidential Notices 1 1
 46 26th February 1942 535 Anti Gas Precautions 1 1
 47 12th March 1942 537 Incendiary Bomb Control 1 2
 48 23rd April 1942  Lighting of Bollards 1 1
 49 1st June 1942  Objects Dropped from the Air 1 1
 50 2nd June 1942  Instructions 1 1
 51 20th June 1942 556 Unignited Incendiary Bombs 1 1
 52 9th July 1942 561 Enrolment in the Home Guard 1 2
 53 21st July 1942 562 Objects Dropped from the Air 1 2
 54 21st July 1942 563 Reports of Gas Incidents 1 2
 55 4th August 1942 565 New Incendiary Weapons 1 2
 56 7th August 1942  General Notices 1 1
 57 18th August 1942 569 German Bomb B2.2 E1-Z 1 2
 58 27th August 1942 571 Conservation of Rubber 1 2
 59 4th September 1942 575 Uniform 1 2
 60 22nd October 1942 581 Small Anti-Personnel Bomb 1 1
 61  581 Addendum to 581, 22nd October 1942 1 1
 62 28th October 1942 591 A New Anti-Personnel Bomb 1 1
 63 2nd December 1942 592 Reporting of Air Raid Damage 1 1
 64 12th December 1942  First Air Posts 1 1
 65  Leaflet Treatment of Phosphorus Burns at Air Raid Incidents  1 1
 66 22nd December 1942 595 Civil Defence Wardens Service & The Fire Guard 1 2
 67 24th December 1942 596 Treatment of Phosphorus Burns at Air Raid Incidents  1 2
 68 12th March 1943 614 Small Anti-Personnel Bomb 2 3
 69 9th March 1943  Phonetic Alphabet 1 1
 70 6th April 1943 617 Phosphorus Bombs 1 2
 71 7th April 1943 618 Civil Defence & The Home Guard 1 2
 72 5th July 1943 634 General Notices 1 1
 73 19th July 1943  Wearing of Uniform by Whole Time and Part Time Members 1 1
 74 4th August 1943 646 Air Raid Incidents 1 1
 75 13th August 1943 651 General Notices 1 1
 76 26th August 1943 656 General Notices 1 1
 77 1st September 1943 657 Civil Defence (General) Services Reporting 1 2
 78 2nd September 1943 658 Wardens Service 1 2
 79   Messenger Service 1 1
 80   Eastern Division Notice 2 1
 81 8th September 1943  Instructions for Senior Wardens 1 1
 82 8th September 1943  Cuties for Part Time Wardens 1 2
 83   Influence of Weather and other Conditions 2 1
 84 15th September 1943 663 Wardens Post 1 2
 85 20th September 1943 663 Addendum to 658 2nd September 1943 1 1
 86 September 665 Siren Rota 1 2
 87   Labelling of Casualties and the Dead 1 1
 88 8th October 1943 669 Civil Defence (General) Services Payment of Subsistence 2 3
 89 18th October 1943 670 General Notices 1 2
 90   Disposal of Unignited Incendiary Bombs 2 2
 91   Routine Duties for Whole Time Wardens 1 1
 92   Ten Points of Pre-Eminence of Mustard Gas 1 1
 93 22nd November 1943 675 Civil Defence Uniforms 1 2
 94 24th November 1943 670 General Notices 1 2
 95   Specimen Log Book Headings 1 1
 96 9th December 1943 677 Civil Defence (General) Services Reporting 1 2
 97 9th December 1943 678 Civil Defence (General) Services Reporting 1 2
 98 14th December 1943 683 Reporting 1 1
 99 16th December 1943 686 General Notices 1 2
 100 21st January 1944 690 German Jet Propelled Radio-Controlled HE Glider Bombs 1 1
 101 22nd January 1944 692 Objects Dropped from the Sky 1 1
 102 2nd February 1944 694 I B S E N 1 2
 103 11th February 1944 696 50kg Phosphorous Oil Bombs 1 1
 104 17th February 1944 700 Reporting of Air raid Incidents 1 1
 105  704 Payment of Subsidtence and Cycle Allowances 1 1
 106 7th March 1944 705 Children's Resporators 1 1
 107 9th March 1944 707 Wardens Service 1 1
 108 9th March 1944 708 Wardens Duties 1 1
 109 11th March 1944 709 Injury Due to War Gases  1 1
 110 11th March 1944 710 Morrison Shelters 1 1
 111 30th March 1944 712 Secret Enemy Weapons  1 1

 

 

 Total in Collection:

111

 Pages:

136

 Sides:

 172

 

ARP Publications

Whilst it would be nice to have all the ARP Publications held by the Southend Timeline scanned and uploaded to this website the amount of storage space on the server is limited as is bandwidth, a few are shown below, they have been photographed and are reproduced below to give a little bit of insight into what they dealt with.

 

20th August 1940 General Notices: This is was a two page three side publication, dealing Gas protection, gas masks,

 

 

 

 

20th June 1942 Unignited Incendiary Bombs.

 

11th March 1944 Morrison Shelters

 

 

Recent Photos

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